Wednesday, March 2, 2011

Swedish 1

Well, from what I have learnt so far - there is no single one sentence I can give to introduce the learning of a language. The majority of people in Sweden already speak near to perfect english, and of course swedish. Not through a sudden decision to learn it, but rather through constant exposure to it most every day in some shape or form since childhood - but enough of that.

First of all, there are some basic words that I use to form simple sentences on a daily basis, which are interchangeable with words of the same type (nouns with nouns, verbs with verbs etc). Note, however, that the sentence structure is similar but not the same as english.

For starters, the same as what I first learnt, is some basic Subject, Verb and Object (SVO) sentences.

Jag = I
Du = You
Hon = Her
Han = Him

Heter = Named
Är = Is/Are/Am (from what I have seen so far, there is little if no differentiation between these two words... this opinion will probably change as I continue to learn, however)
Här = Have
Bor i = Live in (location-wise, as in "I live in this house")
Kommer från = Come from
Talar = Speak/Talk

Barn = Child
Sverige = Sweden
Svensk = Swedish
Engelsk = English
Australien = Australia

There are a few other words that will be handy to reference, which are:
Och = And
Kanske = Maybe
Lite = Little
Också = Also

So to start with, I will introduce myself and say a few sentences about me:

Jag heter Lincoln,
Hon Kommer från Australien.
Du bor i Sverige.
Jag talar Engelsk och Lite Svensk.

As you can see, the sentence structure is always {Subject} {Verb} {Object}, but this is because I am stating things, describing facts. If I wanted to ask a question, then we use the same three elements, however they are re-arranged as thus: {Verb} {Subject} {Object}. For example:

Heter han Lincoln?
Bor hon i stockholm?
Talar du Svensk?

Easy peasy. Next is about the word "Not" (Inte), and where it should go in the sentences, and how to maintain proper structure when using it.

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